Hydrogen bonding at water and ice interfaces (fällt aus)

Berliner Physikalisches Kolloquium

Do, 09.05.2019 18:30  –   Do, 09.05.2019 20:30
Prof. Dr. Mischa Bonn, Molekulare Spektroskopie, Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Mainz
Magnus-Haus Berlin
Am Kupfergraben 7, 10117 Berlin, Germany

Magnus-Haus Berlin , Freie Universität Berlin , Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin , Technische Universität Berlin , Universität Potsdam , Wilhelm und Else Heraeus-Stiftung , Physikalische Gesellschaft zu Berlin e. V.
Andreas Böttcher,
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Die Veranstaltung fällt leider aus.


Eine gemeinsame Veranstaltung der Physikalischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin e.V., der Freien Universität Berlin, der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, der Technischen Universität Berlin und der Universität Potsdam ‒ gefördert durch die Wilhelm und Else Heraeus-Stiftung

Water and ice surfaces and interfaces are ubiquitous, not just in nature (e.g. for various naturally occurring forms of snow and ice) but also in many technological applications (such as food science and artificial snow machines). Water is a rather unique liquid, owing to its strong intermolecular interactions: strong hydrogen bonds hold water molecules together. At the surface of ice, the water hydrogen-bonded network is abruptly interrupted, conferring distinct properties on the interface compared to the bulk. We elucidate the structure of interfacial water molecules at the surface of solid ice and of water in contact with different materials, using surface-specific vibrational spectroscopy of interfacial water molecules. For ice, we find an excess of hydrogen bonds at the ice-vapor interface around 200 K due to a competition between entropic and enthalpic contributions to the free energy. For temperatures around 250 K, surface melting of ice is found to occur in a bilayer-by-bilayer fashion. Finally, we relate the temperature- dependent molecular structure of the ice surface to the macroscopic friction coefficient, and explain why ice is most slippery around 264 K.

Moderation: Roland Netz, Freie Universität Berlin